Poultry and the climatic conditions
Poultry chicken requires proper management, feed, nutrition, hygiene, housing, and management to reach their potential growth. Providing a perfect environment is difficult in the climatic conditions that are extreme. But by taking few productive measures we can limit the climate extremes.
Once the temperatures rise the consumption of the feed decreases above the neutral thermo zone. The bird will not spend time in heat or cool as the thermoneutral zone has the effective temperature. The decline of feed consumption for each 1degree Celsius as the temperature raises to thermoneutral temperature.
Hot weather can have a bad effect on poultry performance thus resulting in heavy economic losses on poultry production as a result of impaired growth decrease in egg production, increase in production cost, increase in mortality due to immunity, and reproductive failure.
To decrease the temperature in the poultry house sprinklers are to be used
In water scarcity areas sheds should be painted white on the external parts to reduce the room temperature
Constructing a huge roof “overhang” to keep the sun away from the walls
Heat, expired gases and moisture are primary focus in cold climatic conditions Heating systems and temperature should be appropriately fixed in cold climates
House should be constructed far from pollution and we should make sure that their trees around
Maintenance of the birds:
Birds should be given at least 1.2 sq. ft of distance while stocking
Six hours before the feed to should be removed before t the hottest part of the day
To decrease the water temperature flushing of water system twice a day is important
House temperature should be reduced mostly during the nights so the poultry house requires more ventilation
Apart from house fans supplementary fans should be added with a distance of 30 feet apart in the direction of prevailing wind.